Vocabulario - Espanol I

Vocabulario – Capitulo 1

 Identifying                                  Pronouns
Muchacho – boy                                             Yo – I             
Nino – boy                                                      Tu - You
Muchacha – girl                                              El - He
Nina – girl                                                       Ella - She
Alumno (a) – student
Persona - person
Colegio – school
Escuela – school  (escuela secundaria – high school)

 Describing                        Other Useful Words

Alto(a) – tall                                                    bastante – a lot           
Bajo (a) – short                                               muy - very
Guapo (a) – cute, handsome                             mucho – a lot
Bonito (a) – pretty                                           no, de ninguna manera – of course not
Lindo (a) - pretty
Feo (a) - ugly
Moreno (a) – brown hair, dark skin
Rubio (a) - blonde
Flaco (a) - skinny
Gordo (a) - fat
Gracioso (a) - funny
Comico (a) - comical
Serio (a) - serious
Ambicioso (a) - ambitious
Perezoso (a) - lazy
Fantastico (a) - fantastic
Timido (a) - shy
Sincero (a) - sincere
Honesto (a) - honest
Generoso (a) - generous
Simpatico (a) - nice
Ser – to be

Nationalities                              Interrogatives (Finding Out Information)

Americano (a)                                                 quien? - who
Chileno (a)                                                      que? - what
Colombiano (a)                                               como? - How
Cubano (a)                                                      de donde? – from where
Mexicano (a)                                                   de que nacionalidad? – from what nationality
Puertorriqueno (a)                                           donde? - where
Venezolano (a)


Vocabulario – Capítulo 2

 

Identifying                                                    Pronouns

Profesor (a) – teacher                                      Nosotros (as) - We
Clase  - class                                                   Ellos (ellas) - they
Curso – subject                                               Ustedes  - you plural 

Describing

Inteligente – intelligent
Interesante – interesting
Aburrido (a) – boring
Pequeño (a) – small
Grande – big
Facil – easy
Difícil, duro (a) – hard
Popular – popular
Obligatorio (a) – mandatory

Other useful expressions            Nationalities

Hay – there are, there is                                  argentino (a)

Mucho – many, a lot                                       dominicano (a)

Poco – not many, not much                            ecuatoriano (a)

Mismo (a) – same                                            panameño (a)

También – also

Todos (as) – all

 

School Subjects                            Interogativas

Las ciencias – sciences                                    ¿quiénes? - who

   Biología                                                        ¿cuántos (as)? – how many

   Química

   Física

Las matemáticas – math                                  Time

   Aritmética                                                    ¿A que hora? – at what time?

   álgebra                                                          ¿Qué hora es? – what time is it?

   Geometría                                                    media – ½ hour (30 min)

   Cálculo                                                         cuarto – ¼ hour (15 min)

Las ciencias sociales – social studies              mañana – morning, tomorrow

   Historia                                                        tarde - afternoon

   Geografía                                                     noche - night

Las lenguas – languages                                  día - day

   Inglés

   Español

   Francés

   Alemán

   Latín

Otras asignaturas o disciplinas – other disciplines

   Educación física

   Música

   Arte

   Economía doméstica

   Informática

 

 

Vocabulario – Capítulo 3

 

 Identifying

materiales escolares – school supplies             dependiente (a) - employee

mochila – bookbag                                         empleado (a) – employee

lápiz – pencil                                                  caja – cash register

bolígrafo o pluma – pen                                  la talla, tamano - size

marcador – marker                                         papelería – book store

goma de borrar – eraser                                  tienda de ropa – clothes store

cuaderno – notebook

carpeta – folder

libro – book

hoja de papel – piece of paper

calculadora – calculator

disquete – diskkette                                         Verbs

ropa – clothes                                                  necesitar – to need

pantalón – pants                                               buscar – to look for    

camisa – shirt                                                   mirar – to look at

corbata – tie                                                     comprar – to buy

camiseta – t-shirt                                              pagar – to pay

blue jean                                                          usar – to use, to wear

falda – skirt                                                       calzar – to wear

blusa – blouse                                                    llevar – to carry, to wear, to take

chaqueta – jacket                                                hablar – to talk

traje – suit                                                          trabajar – to work

gorra – cap, hat

calcetines – socks

zapatos – shoes

par de tenis – tennis shoes

vestido - dress

 

Describing

Largo – long

Corto – short

Barato (a) – cheap

Caro (a) – expensive

Mucho – much, many

Poco – small

Other Useful Expressions

 ¿Qué desea usted? – What would you like?

 ¿Cuánto es? – How much is it?

 ¿Cuánto cuesta? – How much does it cost?

 Colores

Blanco (a) – white                               Rosado (a) - pink

Negro (a) – black                                Verde - green

Gris – gray                                          Marrón, café - brown

Azul – blue                                          Rojo (a) - red

Amarillo (a) – yellow                          Anaranjado (a) - orange

 

 

Vocabulario – Capítulo 4

 

Identifying                                          Verbs

A pie – on foot                                                            llegar – to arrive

Bus escolar – school bus                                             entrar – to enter

Carro, coche – car                                                       escuchar – to listen

Sala de clase – classroom                                            mirar – to look at

Pizarra, pizarrón – chalkboard                        estudiar – to study

Miembro – member                                                     enseñar – to teach or show

Fiesta – party                                                              dar – to do, to make

Música – music                                                           tomar – to take

Disco compacto – CD                                    

Casete – cassette

Merienda – snack

 

Question Words

 ¿A que hora? – at what time?

 ¿Cuándo? – when

 ¿Adónde? – where

 

Other useful expressions

En punto – on the dot, sharp

Otros (as) – others

Algunos (as) – some

Ahora – now

También – also

Estar en clase – to be in class

Prestar atención – to pay attention

Tomar apuntes – to take notes

Dar un examen – to give a test

Sacar notas buenas (altas) – to get good grades

Sacar notas malas (bajas) – to get bad grades

Dar una fiesta – to give a party

A eso de – at about a certain time

 

IR – To Go

Yo voy

Tu vas

El va

Nosotros vamos

Vosotros vais

Ellos van

DAR – to give

Yo doy

Tu das

El da

Nosotros damos

Vosotros dais

Ellos dan

Estar – to be

Yo estoy

Tu estas

El esta

Nosotros estamos

Vosotros estais

Ellos estan

 

 

 

Vocabulario – Capítulo 5

  

Identifying                                        Verbs

Café - coffeeshop                                                       ver – to see

Mesa – table                                                                leer – to read

Mesero (a) – waiter                                                     comer – to eat

Camarero (a) – waiter                                                 beber – to drink

Menú – menu                                                              vender – to sell

Orden – order                                                             comprender – to understand

Cuenta – bill                                                                aprender – to learn

Libre – free, unoccupied                                             escribir – to write

Ocupado (a) – occupied                                              recibir – to receive

Mercado – market                                                       vivir – to live

Supermercado – supermarket

 

Foods and Meals

Las comidas – the meals                            Carnes - Meats

  Desayuno – breakfast                                                 el biftec

   Almuerzo – lunch                                                        mariscos

   Cena – dinner                                                              jamón          

   Merienda - snack                                                         pescado

Vegetales – vegetables                                               pollo

  Guisantes                                                                  atún

   Habichuelas, frijoles                                              Refrescos - drinks

   Zanahorias                                                                   leche

   Papas                                                                           un café

   Lechuga                                                                      te helado

   Judias verdes                                                               limonada

Frutas – Fruit                                                               helado de vainilla

   Naranjas                                                                   Other

   Manzanas                                                                    huevo

   Plátanos                                                                       cereal

   Tomates                                                                       pan tostado 

                                                                                       sopa

Describing foods                                                      papas fritas

Bote, lata – can                                                              hamburguesa

Paquete – package                                                         tortilla                      

Bolsa – bag                                                                    ensalada

Congelado (a) – frozen                                                     postre

                                                                                       Pan dulce

Other useful expressions                                                  bocadillo - sandwich

Enseguida – at once                            queso

Juntos (as) – together                                                    

Antes de – before

Despues de – after

Algo más – anything else

Nada más – nothing else

¿Qué desean ustedes? – What would you like?

¿Está incluido el servicio?  - Is the tip included?

 

 

Vocabulario – Capítulo 6

  Identifying                                           Verbs

Familia – family                                                          tener – to have

Parientes – parents                                                      cumplir – to be (age)

Padre – father                                                             invitar – to invite

Madre – mother                                                          ver – to see

Esposo, marido – husband                                          escribir – to write

Esposa, mujer – wife                                                   subir – to go up

Hijo (a) – son (daughter)                                                        

Hermano (a) – brother (sister)

Abuelo (a) – grandfather (grandmother)

Nieto (a) – grandson (granddaughter)

Tío (a) – uncle (aunt)

Sobrino (a) – nephew (niece)

Primo (a) – cousin                                                       Describing

Gato – cat                                                                   joven - young

Perro – dog                                                                 viejo (a), anciano (a) - old

Cumpleaños – birthday                                               alrededor de - around

Regalo – gift                                                               cerca de – close to

Sala – living room                                                       menor - younger

Comedor – dining room                                              mayor - older

Cocina – kitchen

Cuarto, dormitorio, recamara – bedroom

Cuarto de bano – bathroom

Casa – house

Apartamento – apartment

Calle – street

Jardín – yard

Garaje – garage

Piso – floor

Escalera – stairs

Ascensor – elevator

Privado (a), particular – private

Periódico – newspaper

Revista – magazine

Película – movie, show

Noticias – news

Carta – letter, card

Emisión deportiva – sports broadcast

La planta baja – the first floor

Pasillo – hall

 

Vocabulario – Capitulo 7

  Identifying                                             Verbs

Fútbol – soccer                                                            tirar – to kick

Béisbol – baseball                                                       lanzar – to throw

Básquetbol, baloncesto – basketball                           perder (ie) – to lose

Estadio – stadium                                                       ganar – to win

Espectador (a) – spectator                                          driblar – to dribble

Campo – field                                                             pasar – to pass

Cancha – court                                                            meter – to put, place

Partido – game                                                            jugar (ue) – to play     

Jugador (a) – player                                                    bloquear – to block

Equipo – team                                                             parar – to stop

Tablero indicador – scoreboard                                  batear – to bat

Pie – foot                                                                    correr – to run

Pierna – leg                                atrapar – to trap

Rodilla – knee                                                             devolver (ue) – to return something

Mano – hand                                                               gustar – to like

Brazo – arm                                                                 interesar – to interest

Cabeza – head                                                             aburrir – to bore         

Tanto – point                                                               poder (ue) – to be able to       

                                                                                   Querer (ie) – to want

Describing                                                          volver (ue) – to return

Empatado (a) – tie                                                      preferir (ie) – to prefer

A veces – sometimes                                    empezar (ie) – to begin

Siempre – always                                                        comenzar (ie) – to begin

Izquierdo (a) – left                                                      tener – to have

Derecho (a) – right

 

Possesive Adjectives

Mi(s) – my

Tu(s) – your

Su(s) – his/her

Nuestro(s) – ours

Vuestro(s) – yours (plural)

Su(s) - theirs

 

 

     Fútbol___                           Béisbol                            Básquetbol

   Balón                                                   béisbol, pelota                          básquetbol

   Portero (a)                                           bateador (a)                              cesto, canasta

   Porteria                                              picher (lanzador)                     

   Meter un gol                                        catcher (receptor)                

   Marcar un tanto                                   guante

                                                               Jonrón

                                                               Base, platillo

                                                               entrada

                                                               bate

 

 

Vocabulario – Capítulo 8

  

Describing health problems            Verbs

Salud – health                                                             toser – to cough

Fiebre – fever                                                              doler – to hurt

Escalofríos – chills                                                      despachar – to dispense

Gripe – flu                                                                   creer  - to believe

Catarro – cold                                                             examinar – to examine

Tos – cough                                                                 recetar – to prescribe

Energía – energy                                                                    

Dolor – pain

Enfermo (a) – sick

Cansado (a) – tired

Estornudar – sneeze

Estar resfriado(a) – to have a cold

Síntoma – symptom

Diagnosis – diagnosis

Alergia – allergy

Inyección – injection

Contento (a) – happy, content

Triste – sad

De buen humor – in a good mood

De mal humor – in a bad mood

Nervioso(a) – nervous

Tranquilo(a) – calm

  

Parts of the Body                                     

Garganta – throat

Ojos – eyes

Boca – mouth

Estomago – stomach

Pie – foot

Pierna – leg

Espalda – back

 

 

Other health related words and phrases

¿Qué te pasa? – What is wrong with you?

Consulta, consultorio – consultation

Médico(a) – doctor

Hospital – hospital

Me duele… - My ….. hurts                                        medicamento, medicina - medicine

Tengo dolor de ….. – My ….. hurts                           aspirina - aspirin

Guardar cama – stay in bed                                        antibiótico - antibiotic

Farmacia – pharmacy                                                  pastillas, píldoras, tableta - pills

Farmacéutico(a) – pharmacist                                     dosis - dosage

Receta – prescription