Nursing Fundamentals

Nursing Fundamentals Class 
2nd Semester 2015 

Nursing Fundamentals Course Syllabus

Teacher: Nann A. Hatcher, RN
3rd Period Planning 2nd Semester 2015
Course Number: 7243
Course Textbook: Diversified Health Occupations, 6th Introduction to Health Occupations, 6th Edition
Enrollment: 10
                     Enrollment is limited per North Carolina Board of Nursing (BON) Administrative Rule 21
                     NCAC 36.0318(i), which requires the ratio of teacher to nurse aide student to be 1:10 or                          less
while in the clinical area. DHSR applies BON rule to the classroom training area.
Prerequisite: Health Science I and Health Science II
 Course Description: This course is designed for high school seniors interested in medical careers where personal care and basic nursing skills are used. This course is an enhanced adaptation of the North Carolina Divisision of Health Service Regulation (DHSR) Nurse Aide I (NAI) curriculum and helps prepare students fot the National Nurse Aide Assessment (NNAAP). Students who pass the NNAAP become listed on the NC NAI Registry. English language arts, mathematics, communications, and science are reinforced. Work-based learning strategies appropriate for this course include a required clinical internship in a long-term care agency. Health care agencies require testing for Tuberculosis and other diseases, a criminal back ground check, and an initial drug screen. Also a randum drug screen may be required during the clinicial experience. The work-based learning strategy appropriate for this course is a minimum 40-hour clinical internship where students deliver health care in local hospitalsand nursing care facilities.  HOSA activities support networking with health care agencies and professionals through the development of clinical expertise and volunteerism. 
 This course is recommended for all students who wish to prepare for further study in a health care career. Bursing Fundamentals is offered in two 90-minute blocks, five days a week, spring semester and is two (2) elective credits towards high school graduation requirements. Please note: Due to the limitation in seating, an application process is required for admission into this course.

Nursing Fundamentals will provide students with knowledge and skills necessary to take the North Carolina Nurse Aide Exam.  After completion of Nursing Fundamentals, each student will take an end of course exam known as the VOCATS.  If students maintain an 85 average, they will be eligible to take the North Carolina Nurse Aide Exam.  This exam will cost $101.00.  All students wanting to take the North Carolina NA exam must have a valid government or state-issued picture ID, such as a driver’s license. They must also have a Social Security Card. 

     This class will be helpful to all student interested in any type of health care career.  Many Allied Health Care field programs are now requiring that students complete Nurse Aide Training before they enter their programs. This class is not like other classes offered in high school.  Students will be required to complete skills during our clinical rotations Skills will include such things as feeding patients, bathing or showering patients, changing adult diapers, dressing patients, helping patients to the bathroom, brushing a patient’s hair and teeth, and many other activities of daily living.  

Requirements for Nursing Fundamentals

Students must pass: Health Science I and Health Science II 
                             with at least an 85 average

Students must have:

                                  *Government/State issued ID

                                  *Social Security Card

                            *Immunization Record

                                  *Transportation to & from clinical
                                  *Minimum of one ceil blue scrub outfit


Nursing Uniform

All students will be required to purchase one ceil blue scrub outfit.  All students need white tennis shoes. The shoes need to be clean and made of material that can be wiped off with disinfectant. Students are required to purchase a watch with a second hand. Student will need a small note pad and black ink pen that will fit into their scrub pocket. Students are also required to wear a name badge while in each facility. They must have a picture ID. Students may use their school ID badge.


All students will be required to attend clinical at locations throughout our county.  Clinical time cannot be made up so it is very important that students do not miss clinical or class time.

Drug & Background checks

This is required by the facilities and Wayne County Public Schools. A form will be provided to each student and it must be signed if the student wishes to attend clinicals.  

Materials Needed for class:

*Hard cover three ring notebook

*Notebook dividers

*Writing utensils: Pencil (#2) & black or blue ink pens


Written Unit Test on each chapter: 40% 
Clinical Rotation: 20% 

      Classwork/Homework/Quizzes: 15%          

Final Written Exam: 12.5%

Final Clinical Exam: 12.5%


Adapted CTE Course Blueprint of Essential Standards for


(Hours of instruction: 270 - 300)


Essential Std #

Units, Essential Standards, and Indicators

(The Learner will be able to:)










Total Course Weight








Understand the role, function, legal and ethical responsibilities of the nurse aide within the healthcare system.




1.01     Understand healthcare facilities and organizational structure.

1.02     Understand nurse aide range of function as a member of the healthcare team.

1.03     Understand residents’ rights, advocacy and grievance procedures.          




Understand communication skills, interpersonal skills, and physical care skills that promote mental health and meet social and special needs of residents in long term care.




2.01    Understand communication and interpersonal skills needed to provide resident care and relate to team members.

2.02    Understand nurse aide observations, recording and reporting.

2.03    Understand basic human needs and nurse aide guidelines in meeting those needs.

2.04    Understand the dying process and needs of the resident nearing the end of life.                                                                                                                              




Understand infection control, safety and emergency skills within the nurse aide range of function.




3.01    Understand infection control within nurse aide range of function.

3.02    Understand safety and emergency care skills within nurse aide range of function.








nurse Aide Resident Care Skills




Understand nurse aide skills related to residents’ vital functions and movement.




4.01    Understand vital signs, height and weight measurement skills.

4.02    Understand the nurse aide’s range of function in rehabilitative/restorative and maintenance care.




Understand nurse aide skills related to residents’ hygiene, grooming, skin integrity, and living environment needs.




5.01    Understand nurse aide skills needed for residents’ hygiene and grooming.

5.02    Understand nurse aide skills needed to promote skin integrity.

5.03    Understand the nurse aide’s role in creating a safe and clean environment that fosters resident independence, contentment and self-esteem. 




Understand nurse aide skills needed to provide for residents’ nutrition, hydration, and elimination needs.      




6.01     Understand nurse aide skills needed to meet the nutritional and hydration needs of residents.

6.02     Understand nurse aide skills needed to care for residents’ elimination and urination needs.




APPLY nurse aide skills by providing hands on resident care during a 40 hour (minimum) clinical experience in an approved long term care facility.

See Note


NOTE:  When calculating the amount of class time needed for each indicator, multiply the course percentage time the number of AVAILABLE hours AFTER subtracting clinical time


Evaluation Methods


1.  You will have a VOCATS type unit test after each unit is completed. It will be orally announced and also written on the chalkboard at least three days in advance of the actual test date. You will also be given a study guide/review before each test is given.
2.  You will be given “pop” quizzes at times in order to evaluate your progress in your day-to-day work.

3.  You absolutely must do your assigned daily class work/homework. It helps you to learn information and is part of your grade.




1.  You are expected to be in class. This class covers allot of information and it is difficult to keep up when you are absent. If you need help, please let me know, I will be glad to tutor you and I am able to meet with you before school or after to help you make-up work.

2.  You are expected to submit all required work on time.

3.  If you are absent on a day when a test is given, a make-up test must be taken within five (5) days after you return to school. If you miss any classwork and/or homework assignments, make-up work will be given and must be completed within five (5) days after you return to school. Failure to comply with this rule will result in a failing grade. It is your responsibility to schedule a time with the teacher to make up missed work.
(Health Occupations Students of America)
I encourage all students to join HOSA. The annual fee is $20.00. HOSA provides a growing experience for students to enhance their leadership skills and self-esteem. HOSA also provides students the opportunity to participate in community service projects, fundraisers, and local, regional, state, and  meetings and competitions.
                                                          Test Taking Strategies
       Tests are a fact of life!! But the only time a test/exam should be a trial is when you aren't prepared for it, and the best sign that you aren't prepared is when you have to stay up all night to "cram". Cramming won't do very much for you (except make you so tired that when you take the exam you won't be able to think clearly enough to answer the questions you do know).
        Here are some tips to help you develop test taking skills:
1. Start preparing for your test the first day of class. You can do this by reading your syllabus carefully to find out how many unit tests you will have and how much they are weighed into your grade.
2. Plan to be at school each day. Being absent puts you behind and you miss hearing the discussions held during class time. Your notes are always easier to follow and understand.
3. Plan reviews as part of your regularly weekly study schedule. You need to read over your class notes and ask yourself questions on the material you don't know well. Create a study group to reinforce your learning with your classmates.
4. Review for several short periods rather than one long period. You will retain information better and get less fatigued.
5. Turn the main points of each topic into questions and check to see if the answers come to you quickly and correctly.
6. Flashcards are recommended to help you learn and review.
1. First, put your name on the test.
2. Follow the directions.
3. Work on the "easiest" questions first. Pace yourself to allow time for the more difficult questions.
4. When you are finished, review your test and make sure you haven't left out any answers.
1. Learn from your tests! Go through them when they are returned and focus on what you missed. This will help reinforce the information one more time in your long term memory and help prepare you for your final exam.
1. Read each question with the intention of answering the question without the alternatives which follow. Focus on finding an answer without the help of the alternatives. This will increase your concentration and help you read the question more clearly.
2. Use the process of elimination when you do not know the answer for sure. Eliminate two alternatives quickly and then make the decision between the two remaining. This increases your probability to 50/50. Another helpful method of elimination is to use the true-false methods. When you can determine a likely false alternative, eliminate it. The true-false elimination method is particularly helpful when more than one answer is possibly true.
3. When numbers are in each alternative, choose the numbers that are in the middle range, not the extremes. For example, if the height of Cascade Mountain is requested, eliminate 20,000 feet, and 3,000 feet. Then chose between 8,000 feet and 11,000 feet. Remember, the best results are obtained when you have studied and know the exact answer is 11,000 feet.
4. Choose answers that are longer and more descriptive. These answers stand out from the others. Instructors will often give you descriptive detail to help you identify the truth.
5. When two very similar answers appear, it is likely that one of them is the correct choice. Test makers often disguise the correct option by giving another option that looks very much like the correct one.
6. Watch out for negative words in the instructions or in the main questions. You may have been told to select an option that is not true. Remember to reverse your procedure and eliminate truth, not falsehood. When looking for negative options look for extreme modifiers that make them false (always, never, all, etc.)


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